Imam Shamil - from his childhood until his old age, for a highlander his name is a name - a legend, a name - a legend. He is a symbol of Caucasian heroism and freedom.
The national hero and religious leader was born Ali in the village of Gimry in 1797, his parents later changed his name to Shamil (in Arabic it means "comprehensive"). From childhood he was distinguished by passionate patriotism, thirst for heroism in the name of his Motherland, at the same time being very scholarly and pious. Already in the 30s of the XIX century, he began to take part in battles with the tsarist army.
In 1834, Shamil was proclaimed the Imam and for 25 years was ruling over the highlanders of Dagestan and Chechnya, successfully fighting against the tsarist military forces. Shamil had military talent, great organizational skills, patience, persistence, and the ability to choose the right time to strike and assistants to carry out his decisions. Characterized by a strong and inflexible will, he was able to inspire the highlanders, excite them to sacrifice and obedience to his authority. Under the banners of the Prophet, he began to build a state based on the dictates of the Allah. Shamil's goal was to create a theocratic state based on the principles of Shariah.
And by 1840, Shamil had finally established himself as the ruler of Chechnya and Dagestan: he created an army, a taxation system, a code of laws, various state institutions, administrative divisions, etc. He understood that a successful fight was impossible without the consolidation of all Caucasian peoples into a single front, a single state with a single ideology.
Almost 25 years lasted Imam's fight for freedom of his people, for almost 25 years the name of Shamil was on everyone's lips - both Russian, and Highlanders, almost 25 years he managed to resist all the attempts to subdue the Caucasus. But he himself suffered heavy losses in that struggle - his wives, children died, some of his sons he was forced to give as prisoners. Over time, some members of Shamil's movement broke away from him, betrayed him, but he continued to have a number of victories in his battles. However, in the 1850s, the forces of his state began to weaken, many highlanders tired of constant wars began to think more and more that it was time to "make peace".
In the last battle on Mount Gunib, Shamil bravely and desperately defended with his comrades-in-arms, but the ranks of the defenders were getting smaller and smaller. On August 25, 1859, a message was jubilantly sent to the tsar: "Gunib taken, Shamil captured."
Imam Shamil remained in the memory of his people as a symbol of the national movement of the North Caucasian highlanders, a wise leader, a flexible diplomat, a talented commander, a religious authority and an outstanding state and political leader.